Cod liver oil is a rich source of omega-3

Cod oil unfathomably is a popular dietary supplement. The cod oil is gotten from the liver of cod fish like its name infers, livers are steamed before the extraction system and it is refined later. It is one of the eminent home remediesknown to humankind and is the most astounding vitamin source accessible.

This cod liver oil is an all around enjoyed common supplement which is presently accessible in containers frame notwithstanding the fluid shape, so you don’t have to stress over the awful fishy taste. It is a rich wellspring of Omega 3 unsaturated fat and also Vitamins An and D.

Vitamin D has various basic capacities. It helps in keeping up a sound provocative reaction and a solid safe framework. It is additionally helpful in keeping up a sound heart notwithstanding solid bones, joints, teeth and muscles. The most superb wellspring of vitamin D obviously is the sun however for the individuals who are in office for the entire day, Cod Liver Oil is an amazingly valuable choice.

These supplements are perhaps the finest treatment for joint pain because of its facilitating consequences for the joints likewise due to its calming property. It is useful in the treatment of rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. It has been demonstrated that it is productive in moderating the improvement of the sicknesses and even upsets it in a few cases. These containers have helped in disposing of the joint inflammation torment, and demonstrated supportive in the treatment of gout also. It will liven up your hair by giving it a fit and solid look all together and you may see a change in lucidity of your skin also. It additionally may profit individuals experiencing sclerosis and many individuals use it to supplement their current medicines. An exploration in Norway concerning about 70,000 ladies fundamentally discovered lower malignancy death rate among ladies who devoured this oil once a day. Death rates for lung malignancies demonstrated that just about 45% lesser ladies passed on in contrast with those ladies who didn’t take this dietary supplement.

It is a decent wellspring of the vitamin D3.Its lack can prompt hypertension, heftiness, psoriasis and discouragement. Numerous specialists have uncovered that this oil can offer up to 1,300 IU of the Vitamin D per spoon that is more than 1,000 IU day by day proposal. Taking cod oil regular can enable the body to get the quantity of Vitamin D3 that it requires.

There has been the resurrection of the old school cures amid late circumstances and no home cures have considered fame to be much as the utilization of this oil. Already thought as a supplement with a terrible taste, the vast majority now comprehend its actual helpfulness and significance. As of late, substantial number of individuals think that its difficult to keep up an eating regimen which adjusts every single regular vitamin required by the human body. It is no big surprise that individuals are currently swinging to supplements, for example, cod oil Article Search, an ideal cure with around no symptoms.

Weight Loss Tips That Will Help You Tip the Scale in Your Favor

Attempting to lose weight can be a truly frustrating experience, especially for women. It seems men can take off the weight simply by cutting out soda but women struggle just to lose a pound. Thankfully, there are some tips that can help women as they attempt to lose weight. These tips will help women to improve their metabolic response, reduce their appetite and see the scale numbers coming down quickly.

The most important thing a woman can do when she is trying to lose weight is to cut out sugars and starches as much as possible. Women are especially prone to packing on the pounds when consuming large amounts of sugar and starch.

A diet high in protein typically works well for women but it is important to keep each meal in balance. Ideally, each meal should include a protein, vegetables, and a fat source.

Keeping carbs to a minimum will accelerate weight loss and help a woman to lose those flabby areas. It is a good idea to keep carbs limited to 50 grams or less per day.

While exercise is not a must for weight loss, it can help to tone the body as weight is being lost and help increase the metabolic rate. Working out with small weights three times a week is conducive for greater weight loss.

Many women make the mistake of severely restricting their calories in an attempt to lose weight faster. Unfortunately, this only leads to a slower metabolism because the body goes into what it thinks is starvation mode. If carbs are being greatly reduced, there is really no need to count calories.

Drinking water before meals can help a woman to feel fuller so she is less likely to overeat. Often, a woman may think she is hungry when she is really thirsty.

Using these weight loss tips will help women to see better results on the scale each time they weigh. If you are attempting to lose weight and would like to read more tips like these, visit http://geniusbeauty.com. This site is full of topics that revolve around fashion, health, and beauty.

What Is PAT Testing and Why Is It Used?

PAT testing is an important testing process in the UK, Republic of Ireland, Australia and New Zealand by which portable appliances are required to be checked for safety standards. The Health and Safety at Work Act of 1974 was the first legislation that required companies to have their electrical equipment tested on a regular basis. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations of 1999 established further requirements for PAT testing. Health and safety regulations require that portable electrical appliances in the workplace operate in a safe manner that prevents any potential harm to employees. By law, all electrical systems must be properly inspected and tested for defects and safety.

The law allows companies to gauge their electrical appliances in-house, which allows for more flexibility during the process. However, many companies hire an external company that has employees qualified to perform PAT testing. All testers must have extensive knowledge of electrical systems and they must be officially qualified to perform PAT. Each tester must have a sufficient understanding related to the modes of electrical, thermal and mechanical damage that may result from damaged or poorly designed equipment. There are four different testing situations designated by the IEE Code of Practice:

1) Type testing to an appropriate standard. This type involves testing to determine whether the electrical equipment meets the designated requirements. Type testing is frequently performed by external organizations.

2) Production calibration. Production calibration involves testing the electrical appliance during the production of the appliance and before it is released into service. Production testing is important to prevent unsafe appliances from being utilized by workers.

3) In-service testing. In-service testing involves a preliminary inspection, continuity tests, insulation testing and functional checks. In-service testing is performed to provide certainty that electrical appliances are currently in satisfactory condition. If an electrical appliance fails this test, it must either be repaired or replaced.

4) Testing after repair. If an electrical appliance was in unsatisfactory condition and has been repaired, tests must be performed to ensure that the repairs were sufficient to restore the appliance to satisfactory condition.

The level of testing required for portable electrical appliances is largely dependent on the risk associated with the specific appliance. To ensure that electrical appliances are safe in the home and in the workplace, it is important to perform PAT testing on a regular basis. This can often be done on site by calling out a PAT tester, many can be found online in local areas.

Stafford Beats Tebow, Eagles Back On Track

Lions with triumph over Broncos

Tim Tebow was sacked 7 times by Detroit, and the Lions transformed the Broncos’ quarterback 2 turnovers into touchdowns, permitting the Michigan group to think of another significant triumph that now has them with a present record of 6-2.

Denver lost the amusement 45-10, and Tim Tebow was in no way like the man we saw against Miami, as around then he brought his group once again from a 15-0 shortage against the Dolphins to at last beat them 18-15. Then again, Matthew Stafford tossed for 3 touchdowns and finished 21 of 30 goes against the Broncos and helped his group to a significant triumph that quieted every one of the faultfinders that were tossing negative remarks at the Lions for losing two amusements in succession.

Presently Detroit is second at the NFC North behind the Packers, and enthusiasts of the unsurpassed underdog establishment are trusting that their group is going to keep on having good fortunes on their side so as to continue imagining with a playoff seed.

Hawks best Cowboys and are second at NFC East

On account of the Eagles’ 34-7 triumph over the Cowboys, their head mentor, Andy Reid, keeps on having an unbeaten record of diversions won following a bye week as he is at present 13-0. With the win, the Eagles, whom were known as the “all-buildup” group toward the start of the season, are beginning to get back on track after a 2-4 begin, and Michael Vick appeared to be great, as he tossed 2 touchdown passes, and LeSean McCoy completed the diversion with 185 yards surging (a profession best for him) and 2 scores. The win was not just confirmation that Philly is back at the playoffs party, additionally helped them to secure a second place at the NFC East behind the Giants.

Steelers enhance to 6-2 with win over Pats

After their 25-17 triumph over the Patriots (the main establishment that has won more Super Bowls amid this century than them), the Steelers are demonstrating that they are the group to beat at the AFC North, as they are undefeated at home this season (4-0), and have likewise won 4 straight, however they are unassuming and realize that it is about collaboration and not let huge wins like this to make them arrogant, “It was an awesome win, yet I’ve been on groups where we’ve beat the Patriots beforePsychology Articles, and they returned and gave it to us truly great in the AFC Championship Game. So you can’t overcompensate. We won’t blow up. It was an extraordinary win for us. We’re going to celebrate and appreciate and after that get prepared for Baltimore.” Were the expressions of Pittsburgh wide collector Hines Ward.

Understanding PAT Testing Regulations

Did you know that there is technically no legal requirement for you to have the electrical appliances within your workplace, or the residency of your tenants, PAT tested? It’s true; there is no law that insists that it must be undertaken. Things are never as simple as they seem though, because although it isn’t written in stone that a PAT testing company must darken your door once every year, the law does state that every item of electrical equipment must be ‘safe, well maintained and suitable for the purpose for which it is being used’. And the way to ensure that this is the case? PAT testing.

Failing to ensure that your electrical equipment is safe will certainly cost you, with some serious cases facing unlimited fines and jail terms. Without evidence to show that you have kept your electrical equipment maintained and tested imagine the repercussions should an employee or tenant suffer an electric shock, or be injured in a fire caused by an unsafe electrical appliance. The risk simply isn’t worth it.

It is true that many faults with electrical devices can be spotted with simple visual inspection. You can see that the plug for your computer has a crack through its centre, or the obvious burn marks on the cable from your kettle. What you can’t see is what is happening beneath the surface. You can’t see the condition of the wires within the plug itself, or whether the earth wire is doing its job successfully. That is why it is essential that all electrical appliances are tested frequently; there is no other way to stay compliant with the legislation related to PAT testing.

Several sections of legislation correspond to the maintenance of your electrical appliances; let’s consider some of these now:

The Health and Safety at Work Act, 1974

It seems that the UK has gone health and safety mad in recent years, but when it comes to ensuring that electrical appliances are safe this makes perfect sense. Section 2(1) of this particular act informs an employer that it is their responsibility to care for their employees and to keep them safe.

The Electricity at Work Regulations, 1989

Any and every piece of electrical equipment is technically covered by the Electricity at Work Regulations. This legislation is designed to prevent injuries that could be caused from working with electrical appliances. It clearly specifies that all electrical systems must be maintained so as to prevent danger (as far as is reasonably practicable).

The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations, 1998 (PUWER)

This final piece of legislation that we will consider is very clear in its instruction that all electrical work equipment must be suitable for its purpose, and maintained to a state of efficient working order and good repair. Any equipment to be used in work should be constructed, or adapted, to be suitable for what it will be used for, and should be used only for operations for which it is deemed to be suitable.

Hopefully you now understand that although PAT testing is not technically a legal requirement, it is something that must be undertaken to ensure the continual safety of you and your employees.

HSE Says PAT Testing Is Not a Legal Requirement – Or Does It?

Recently the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) released a document entitled “Maintaining portable electric equipment in low-risk environments” which prompted loads of articles, blogs, tweets, Facebook posts, etc. stating that the HSE had announced that there was no law that says PAT Testing is required, and that PAT Testing was illegal or didn’t have to be done.

As someone who has read this article in detail more than once, and seen many of the other articles, and to add to that, put many people right, I need to ask the question – did the source of this myth start with someone who hadn’t read the article correctly?

My first issue: at no point in the document does it say that PAT Testing is illegal
My second issue: at no point in the document does it say that you don’t have to get PAT Tested

In fact the first time the term Portable Appliance Test (PAT) is mentioned the document states “not every electrical item needs a portable appliance test (PAT)”. So my question to all those articles I have read is this; if PAT Testing is in fact illegal, as so many of you have said, then why would the HSE state that not every electrical item needs a PAT Test? Surely if the HSE says not every item needs a PAT test, then it also says that some items DO need a PAT test. Thus it is not saying that PAT Testing is illegal but is in fact saying that PAT Testing IS a requirement.

What the document does say, in depth and I think this is where people are taking it out of proportion is “you must maintain electrical equipment if it can cause danger, but the law* does not say how you must do this or how often”. In this case the law referred to is stated as the Electricity at Work Regulations 1999.

So, you, the business owner or manager must ensure you maintain your electrical equipment if it can cause danger – all electrical equipment can cause danger because it is electrical; it works from electricity, which is dangerous.

How many owners or managers can honestly say that they maintain their electrical equipment on a regular basis and keep records to prove it. As an experience electrical inspection engineer I can honestly say, “not many”.

By conducting what is generally referred to as a PAT Test, you are showing that you are taking action to ensure your electrical appliances are safe, and with the certificate issued you have evidence to prove you have done this.

The second part of the statement says that “the law does not say how you must do this or how often”, but this HSE document and other HSE documents do, as does the Code of Practice for In-service Inspection and Testing of electrical equipment, which PAT Testing companies are supposed to work to.

PAT Testing in Offices

Electrical appliances start off perfectly safe, but with use can deteriorate to an extent where there is a risk of an electric shock or a fire. Just as regular MOT checks ensure the safety of cars on the road, Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT to use the popular acronym) ensures that electrical appliances continue to be safe to use.

At first sight, PAT Testing looks quite technical and expensive, and as a result many companies either contract out this aspect of Health & Safety or ignore it altogether. However, a proper understanding of the requirements can lead to a safer workplace.

If testing is carried out “in-house”, a substantial saving in cost can be realised. This article aims to provide the reader with an understanding of PAT Testing and the background to it.

Introduction

Portable appliance testing, or PAT Testing seems to have an aura of the “black arts” about it. As a result a lot of companies either ignore it altogether or sub-contract this aspect of Health & Safety implementation. However, a proper understanding of the requirements can lead to a safer workplace, and if in-house testing is carried out a substantial saving in cost. This article aims to provide the reader with a full understanding of PAT Testing and the background to it.

Design of electrical appliances

If appliances that use mains electricity should develop a fault the consequences to the user can be lethal. In the design of electrical appliances steps are taken to prevent this. It is always possible for appliances to become faulty. However, the design precautions taken are such that a single fault will not result in any danger to the user.

On appliances that have large areas of exposed metal, say a PC or an electric fire, this metal is connected to the Earth pin of the mains plug. The idea is that if high voltages should develop within the PC due to a single fault, this cannot reach the user, as the whole unit is enclosed in a “safe” earthed case. This type of protections is known as Class I.

The other way of providing protection is by the use of two separate layers of insulation. If a single fault resulted in the first layer of insulation being breached, then the second layer of protection is still available. This method is used in handheld appliances such as drills and hair dryers and is generally know as Class II.

Class II appliances are inherently safe and require less frequent testing. They are always indicated by the “double box” symbol.

PAT Testing Regulations

The European Low Voltage Directive governs the manufacture or importation of electrical appliances. Compliance to this has to be declared and indicated by the display of the CE mark on the product. The responsibility for this lies with the manufacturer or the importer and is policed by the Trading Standards.

However, like cars, it is important to have a maintenance regime for electrical appliances. The Electricity at Work Regulations (1989) requires that electrical appliances be maintained so that they remain safe during use. The implementation of this is up to employers. The HSE or the local authority is responsible for the policing of this.

Planning your PAT Testing

The first step is to make an inventory of all the electrical appliances. For every item, one needs to work out the frequency of the maintenance checks, based on the method of protection (i.e. Class I or II), the degree of portability and the environment it is used in.

For example appliances that are handheld whilst in use, such as hair-dryers need to be inspected more frequently than a PC monitor that is moved rarely. An electric fire in a factory needs to be inspected more frequently than one used in an office.

It is essential to prepare a Test Record for each appliance. As the maintenance program is carried out, results and comments can be recorded here. This can be invaluable evidence if there is an incident concerning an appliance and a compensation claim is made.

On completing the maintenance, the appliance has to be labelled. This has to indicate the date that testing has taken place and the date after which the appliance should not be used. Equipment that fails should be removed from use and marked appropriately.

Implementation

Having looked at the regulations and spent some time planning, we need to develop a method of maintaining the appliances. The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) recommends three levels of maintenance actions.

User checks

Users need to be encouraged to look critically for signs of possible hazard every time they use electrical equipment. This can be done easily by making everyone aware of what is considered to be bad practice. A poster is one way of doing this. It is also good practice to introduce this as part of the induction process for new staff or at regular staff meetings.

Formal Visual Inspections

This is carried out at pre-determined intervals. It is quite straightforward and consists of visually inspecting the power cable, appliance and plug for any obvious problems and the results recorded. At this stage, it is important to open the plug and check that the wiring is sound. According to the HSE, this stage can result in more than 90% of potential problems being spotted. Some examples of faults that may be observed are shown below.

Combined Inspection and PAT Testing

This again is carried out at pre-determined intervals. For the checking of electrical safety, one will require a PAT Tester. There are many PAT Testers available but the ones with pass/fail indications are quite easy to use. All one has to do is plug the appliance into the tester, connect a test lead and press a button. The tester will carry out the required tests and indicate whether the appliance is safe or not.

In addition to the scheduled periods, testing needs to be carried out if there is reason to suspect that equipment may be faulty, and after repairs or any modification has been carried out.

PAT Testing in-house: Cost savings

If an establishment had 400 electrical items, this would result in an annual cost of about £1000 if this were to be contracted out. However, purchasing a PAT Tester for about £200 and having a firm understanding of the requirements, a comprehensive in-house safety strategy can be put in place. This will result in immediate savings. The option of renting a suitable PAT Tester costing about £75 a month, allows further cost savings.

PAT Testing Compliance Is Essential

Portable Appliance Testing in Watford – or PAT Testing in Watford – is as essential as elsewhere in the UK. Every company in both the private and public sector needs to carry out inspections on equipment used by staff, clients and customers. Regulations were introduced in 1989 concerning work-related electrical equipment. The law applies equally to fixed and to portable equipment, where the portable equipment is connected to the fixed electrical equipment. It’s required that the equipment should be maintained to prevent danger. Every self-employed person, and employer must comply with the provision of the regulations.

Today, more than two decades after the introduction of the legal requirements, PAT Testing in Watford is more important than ever. Removing danger over the use of any electrical equipment has become paramount in the move from paper to virtual documentation. For example, with advances in technology, legal compliance in other sectors means that digital signatures are now the norm where handwritten signatures were acceptable in the past. Handheld and portable electrical devices are themselves often used to make checks on inventory and to inspect equipment. These devices must themselves be checked to ensure that they are safe to use, so PAT Testing in Watford is a legal requirement. Advice from the Institution of Engineering and Technology (the IET) and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) suggests that in the case of the field of construction, inspection and testing should be carried out at three month intervals for certain types of appliance. Other fields should carry out inspections annually and testing less frequently in some cases. Offices, shops, hotels and schools are all covered in the guidance stipulations. In effect, the intensity and depth of testing and inspection depends on the risk that the appliance will develop faults.

Obviously, the nature of the electrical equipment and its environment will play major factors in the potential development of problems. For example, a dusty environment such as a building site may require more thorough maintenance of equipment than more hygienic environments. However, even a sterile laboratory environment that produces high-value medications may require the maintenance of electrical equipment as a breakdown will be more costly.

Employees should be made aware when not to use portable equipment. For example, if the power cable to a laptop is frayed, or the plug on another piece of equipment is cracked, then that appliance should not be used until the fault is fixed. Users should be made aware how to make their own checks and carry out minor tests on equipment before they use it if necessary. Statistically, the vast majority of problems with electrical equipment are found with a visual inspection. Faults should be reported to supervising staff or management.

PAT Testing in Watford can be carried out by an external company or it can be carried out by those who work within a company who have been provided with the training to do so. Those with official qualifications and employees who have attended health and safety courses offered by electrical health and safety companies can perform inspections and testing. Outsourcing of PAT testing is common, but compliance officers within a company often receive training in the testing of portable equipment.

Sports Headlines: Patriots, Raiders And More

Brady drives Pats to win over Miami

An ex-Dolphin, Wes Welker turned into the primary weapon of Tom Brady and the Patriots in their great 38-24 triumph over Miami, and it appears like Tom Brady is avid to collector another NFL MVP title as he played remarkably, tossing for 4 touchdowns and 517 yards, furthermore permitted New England to soften their own particular establishment record up terms of yards as they completed the diversion with a sum of 622. The Dolphins benefited a vocation against the Pats, yet their 12 men on barrier fizzled extremely in limiting Brady, permitting him and the AFC East ebb and flow champions to begin their consistent season with the right foot.

Plunderers win in Jackson’s presentation

In spite of a splendid vocation helping different mentors, it is the first run through Hue Jackson opens a season as the head mentor of a NFL group, the Oakland Raiders whom are right now 1-0 after their triumph over the Broncos by 23-20, while on the opposite side of the seat, John Fox lost on his presentation as Denver’s head mentor in the wake of putting in 8 years similarly situated with the Carolina Panthers.

Nadal acclaims Djokovic and his accomplishments after annihilation

Novak Djokovic has won 4 thousand pummel titles amid his vocation, 3 of those this year alone, including the US Open, his latest one, and presumably one of the hardest ones as he beat Rafael Nadal, whom had only acclaims for the accomplishments of his adversary by saying that “Clearly I’m baffled yet this person is doing mind blowing things so congrats Novak.” And the Serbian likewise had some rebound words for the Spaniard as he said that “I’ve had a stunning year and it continues onward however every time I play Rafa it’s a major test and I need to compliment him on an extraordinary competition.

Ramirez stuck in an unfortunate situation, battery charges

A previous World Series MVP who simply resigned for the current year for the most part because of assertions concerning the use of banned substances, Manny Ramirez’s is again on the features after charges of battery against his better half, who called the police after she was probably assaulted by the slugger. Ramirez burned through one night in prison after he was discharged on safeguard by his sister, and in the event that he is discovered guiltyBusiness Management Articles, he may burn through one entire year in jail.

What Is PAT Testing Mainly Used For?

Typical portable electrical appliances found in a workplace include drills, hair dryers, vacuum cleaners, buffing machines, power saws, photocopiers and laptops, to name but a few! Electrical items that are not considered to be portable appliances include such things as ceiling lamps and cookers that are hard-wired into the mains supply.

There’s no legal requirement as such in UK law to PAT test electrical equipment, but it does come under health and safety law, in the form of the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989. These regulations require all electrical systems, including items of portable electrical equipment, to be maintained so they don’t become dangerous. PAT testing is a way to meet this requirement. There’s no legal timeframe as to when appliances should be tested and at what intervals, but many employers test appliances on an annual basis, or more frequently if they’re exposed to harsh conditions (e.g. used outdoors or in wet, hot or cold environments).

Ultimately, the frequency of testing should be determined by a risk assessment for each item of equipment. Risk assessments are a legal requirement, according to the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999. A good risk assessment for a piece of portable equipment must identify the main risks from using the equipment, to spot items at a greater risk of losing their integral safety through damage, misuse or degradation. The risk assessment must also put in place control measures to minimise risk. PAT testing is one example of a control measure to decrease risk. The higher the risks identified in the risk assessment, the more frequently PAT tests should be carried out, along with other control measures to decrease risk.

The actual testing procedure for portable appliances includes a visual inspection, as well as a test using a special PAT testing instrument. The visual test should check the condition of cables and wires, integrity of the casing and the plug. PAT test instruments carry out more detailed checks on equipment. Mains powered PAT testers are used, as well as battery operated testing devices. These are self-contained and easy to use. They perform an earth continuity test, insulation resistance test and a check on the wiring of the mains cord. They can also include tests that power up the appliance so it can be tested when connected to the mains supply. Most testing machines use a straightforward pass or fail result. As well as their pass and fail message, they have different settings for metal and plastic appliances, analysing earth continuity, polarity and insulation resistance.

More advanced PAT testing machines are available and are able to provide more detailed information about the appliance, with more sophisticated testing features. These are mainly aimed at more complex portable appliances with a higher element of risk when used at work. Advanced PAT testing devices display more information than a simple pass or fail message. Their earth continuity resistance test gives a more sophisticated measurement range and can cope with lower test currents, which enables a wider range of appliances to be tested (e.g. computers, which are sensitive to normal PAT testing). They can also carry out insulation resistance tests at voltages of 500 V DC and 250 V DC, earth leakage tests, fuse tests and lead polarity tests.

Of course, all results from a PAT test need to be interpreted by someone who’s competent to do so. Competency is defined in health and safety law as having sufficient knowledge, training, skills and experience to carry out a certain task correctly and safely. Visual inspections can be carried out by the equipment users themselves. Electricians have to pass stringent examinations to qualify for their trade and the readings from an official PAT test need to be interpreted and logged, which is usually best carried out by an electrician or someone who as enough skill and time to get around even the largest of workplaces. PAT testing makes up an important part of facilities management because it can record the location and safety status of portable electrical equipment. Most large employers contract out their PAT testing to an electrical contractor on an annual basis, to a company like Fluke Ireland.